If you are building your house in the country, you are going to more than likely need to get a well. You aren't going to be able to hook up to the municipal water line, so you need to have some kind of way to make sure that you have running water. Getting that water isn't as easy as just digging a hole and having the water gush up from the ground and into the pipes. There is a whole process for getting your well and getting the water to your house.
Finding the Well Site
The first thing that the well company that is going to be digging your well and installing the system is going to do is to find the perfect well site for you. It needs to be near your house, but not under the house or under the driveway, and not too near the septic field or other contaminants. The well location is also going to have to be near enough to the surface to drill easily, but far enough down into the water table or aquifer to not need to be redrilled regularly. The company can bring in a ground-penetrating sonar to help figure out where the nearest water is and about how far down it is before they start drilling.
Another thing that the well company is going to have to deal with is what kind of pump is going to be installed in your well. Depending on how deep your well is, there are some limitations. Not all pumps are going to work in a deep well situation. If you have to have a really deep well, you may have to have something like a jet pump, since they tend to work better at depths greater than about 25 feet down. They are able to pull up the water and get it to your house pretty quickly. The nice thing about putting a well pump like this into your well system is that it can be used just as well in a shallower well if you have to have your well redrilled for some reason.
If you are going to build your house out in the country, you need to make sure that you have access to water, which is where a good well system comes into play. You need to make sure that you talk to a good well company in order to get the well you need.
For more information about well water systems, contact a well company.